Types of tiles: popular options and their characteristics
April 19, 2021 0

With options of materials, applications and seemingly endless models, the process of choosing tiles for the bathroom, bedroom or kitchen can be difficult. The guide below will help you understand what types of tiles can be used in your space depending on your needs.

Types of tiles

Here are the most popular types of tiles you will see in homes.

Ceramics: Ceramic tiles are a popular choice for homeowners who stick to their budget and choose DIY projects. It is accessible and easy to install and comes in a variety of patterns, textures and colors. The most popular ceramic tile is white with a glossy finish.

Porcelain: Porcelain is more durable than ceramic and is therefore more expensive. It has an increased durability due to the high impermeability and slip resistance. This type of tile is also very compact, so if you need to cut porcelain for your project, we recommend that you turn to a professional.

Natural stone: this popular variant is made of natural materials to create an amazing, organic look. There are a variety of natural stone tiles to choose from, including granite, slate, limestone, marble and more. Natural stone tiles are generally adherent, but can be easily scratched.

Glass: it is usually found in bathrooms and showers, because it is water resistant and easy to clean. The disadvantage, however, is that it tends to cost more than the other options.

Cement: Cement slabs are extremely resistant to heat and stains. This makes them an excellent choice for basements, garages and storage spaces. They are not water resistant, so avoid using them in bathrooms or outdoors, where they can get wet.

Features of sandstone tiles as a flooring option

Durability: The durability of the types of tiles predicts how much traffic they can withstand over a period of time. When selecting a type of tile, read the product description to determine the PEI rating, an rating that determines the hardness of a board. The higher the rating, the more traffic a board can support.
PEI represents the resistance of glazed ceramic tiles to the action of moving factors on their surface.

This classification is established by the EN ISO 10545-7 standard of Porcelain Enamel Institute (PEI) where the abrasion resistance test is performed using an abrasive roller device that performs a certain number of rotations on the surface of the ceramic tile, resulting in the classification according to the intensity. traces of wear.

Water resistance: Consider this feature when you want to arrange the bathroom. Waterproof floors are advantageous in any room.

Stain resistance: Stain resistant to stains, debris and other wear and tear over the years. Consider a stain resistant tile for rooms that require frequent cleaning, such as bathrooms.

Heat resistance: Heat resistant floors are perfect for spaces such as kitchens, outdoor spaces in direct sunlight and commercial spaces that are subject to high heat. Excellent examples of heat resistant tiles are porcelain, cement and natural stone.

Frost resistance: applies especially for outdoor floors, frost resistance is an important feature. If you live in colder climates, choose frost-resistant tiles, such as glass or porcelain.

Applications of sandstone

Residential applications : Residential applications such as bathrooms, kitchens, bedrooms and living rooms must be durable, suitable for heavy traffic. There are different tile recommendations depending on the specific floor type, but usually ceramic, porcelain, natural stone and cement are suitable options.

Showers : The type of tiles in the bathroom you are considering for the shower area should give priority to traction. It is a safety hazard to select a shower tile that is not water resistant. Avoid slipping by choosing floor tiles such as porcelain, glass and natural stone.

Outdoor applications: When choosing tiles for an outdoor space, first determine whether the space will be protected by elements.
If you have an outdoor kitchen space with a protective cover, choose cement tiles as a stain resistant and heat resistant option that will last for years.
If the space will be vulnerable to rainfall, choose options such as porcelain or glass.

Commercial: Commercial flooring includes office and business spaces such as restaurants, shops and stores. Durability Commercial floors usually have priority over aesthetics.

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